Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 10 I’m trying to figure out math for my dd’s senior year. I see Khan Academy has instruction for all three of these on their website, but does anyone know if they cover all the main topics? Linear algebra and differential equations both look like they are extremely short. My dd has got calculus down pretty well at this point, but it’s not her favorite subject. I was reading that linear algebra involved more proofs and abstract thinking vs the visualization needed for calculus. Since she really liked doing proofs in geometry, would this type of math likely be more up her alley than calculus? Also, what is differential equations like? Another thought — is there any point in her considering taking statistics II at the cc if she does well on the AP exam for statistics? Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 10 25 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: I’m trying to figure out math for my dd’s senior year. I see Khan Academy has instruction for all three of these on their website, but does anyone know if they cover all the main topics? Linear algebra and differential equations both look like they are extremely short. My dd has got calculus down pretty well at this point, but it’s not her favorite subject. I was reading that linear algebra involved more proofs and abstract thinking vs the visualization needed for calculus. Since she really liked doing proofs in geometry, would this type of math likely be more up her alley than calculus? Also, what is differential equations like? Another thought — is there any point in her considering taking statistics II at the cc if she does well on the AP exam for statistics? Hmmmm. Linear algebra certainly has a very different flavor from calculus, but both can be proof-based subjects. What did your daughter dislike about calculus? Would going over some proofs in calculus make her appreciate it more? Differential equations is kind of what it sounds like: you solve equations which involve derivatives. For example, you solve things like f'(x) = f(x), although this is not one of the harder ones. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 10 I think she just finds calculus kind of dull. I’m not sure why. I don’t believe she has done any proofs in calculus, though. Unless proofs are introduced in Multivariable Calculus? She used Derek Owens for Calculus AB and then Khan Academy to review and cover the BC material. It’s not that she hates it. It’s just at the bottom of her list as far as subjects go. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Caroline 12,637 Report post Posted April 10 MIT has a great OpenCourseWare multivariable calculus course. Lectures, problem sets, and exams with solutions are all available. I went through it with my senior this year. It was enjoyable. 3 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 10 19 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: I think she just finds calculus kind of dull. I’m not sure why. I don’t believe she has done any proofs in calculus, though. Unless proofs are introduced in Multivariable Calculus? She used Derek Owens for Calculus AB and then Khan Academy to review and cover the BC material. It’s not that she hates it. It’s just at the bottom of her list as far as subjects go. Ah, calculus can totally have proofs! Calculus proofs are lots of fun. It sounds like the Derek Owens class wasn't a great fit for her, then. I wonder if she's enjoy digging deeper into calculus... doing something like AoPS calculus might be fun. As for linear algebra, I'm a big fan, but if she likes proofs, you'll have to pick the class wisely: you'll want something relatively rigorous, so Khan academy is probably not it. I know that that the AoPS precalc class has an intro to linear algebra (and also complex numbers): it's kind of a mislabelled class, because I don't think those topics are normally in a precalc class. That's another fun (and very proof-heavy) option. You'll need linear algebra before multivariable calculus, by the way. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

RootAnn 11,335 Report post Posted April 11 6 minutes ago, square_25 said: You'll need linear algebra before multivariable calculus, by the way. Really? Strange. Can't say I've ever seen that assertion before. If Calc doesn't excite her, Diff Eq is not likely to, either. I would try linear algebra from a MOOC (trying to find a good prof) as she might like that. Dh & I would recommend some matrix theory. 😉 4 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

perkybunch 2,621 Report post Posted April 11 If she likes proofs, a Discrete Math or an Analysis course might suit her. Hmm. She can't take Analysis without Multivariable Calc though, I wouldn't think. 4 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 5 minutes ago, RootAnn said: Really? Strange. Can't say I've ever seen that assertion before. If Calc doesn't excite her, Diff Eq is not likely to, either. I would try linear algebra from a MOOC (trying to find a good prof) as she might like that. Dh & I would recommend some matrix theory. 😉 Well, it's all in terms of vectors and matrices. You ought to know what those are and how to multiply them before you can do multivariable calculus in a serious way. I mean, I guess you could take them out of order, but I don't see why you would want to be introduced to vectors and matrices in an already difficult context. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 5 minutes ago, perkybunch said: If she likes proofs, a Discrete Math or an Analysis course might suit her. Hmm. She can't take Analysis without Multivariable Calc though, I wouldn't think. I'd start with Discrete Math before analysis, anyway :-). I don't think you need multivariable calculus for analysis, but it's been a while... I could be forgetting something. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

RootAnn 11,335 Report post Posted April 11 4 minutes ago, square_25 said: I mean, I guess you could take them out of order, but I don't see why you would want to be introduced to vectors and matrices in an already difficult context. I think this depends on how you studied it (or, in some cases, in retrospect, how you wish you'd studied it). I took Calc 1, 2 & 3, then Matrix Theory. (I never took a proof-based "linear algebra" class. I'm a Mechanical Engineer. Wasn't required.) Dd#1 is planning to be a math major. None of the three "final picks" among her colleges recommended or required linear algebra before Calc 3, but some have Calc 2 as a prereq for Linear Alg (others have Calc 3 as a prereq). I did see a Calc 4 (Advanced something something) with Linear Alg as a prereq (or coreq?) at one. (Some have Matrix Theory as its own class & others don't.) I'm sure some schools do it differently, though. I've just never heard that assertion. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

chiguirre 16,962 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 20 minutes ago, square_25 said: Well, it's all in terms of vectors and matrices. You ought to know what those are and how to multiply them before you can do multivariable calculus in a serious way. I mean, I guess you could take them out of order, but I don't see why you would want to be introduced to vectors and matrices in an already difficult context. What did her Precalc class cover? My dd's class has been doing matrices for almost 2 months. I took Trig in high school back in the last century so I'd never seen matrices when we started Calc our senior year. Edited April 11 by chiguirre 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 2 minutes ago, RootAnn said: I think this depends on how you studied it (or, in some cases, in retrospect, how you wish you'd studied it). I took Calc 1, 2 & 3, then Matrix Theory. (I never took a proof-based "linear algebra" class. I'm a Mechanical Engineer. Wasn't required.) Dd#1 is planning to be a math major. None of the three "final picks" among her colleges recommended or required linear algebra before Calc 3, but some have Calc 2 as a prereq for Linear Alg (others have Calc 3 as a prereq). I did see a Calc 4 (Advanced something something) with Linear Alg as a prereq (or coreq?) at one. (Some have Matrix Theory as its own class & others don't.) I'm sure some schools do it differently, though. I've just never heard that assertion. I see. So then do you just define matrices and vectors along the way? I'm not saying you need a proof-based class, but you do need to know how to operate with matrices and vectors. I guess you can do it in the context of a class that's about derivatives, but that wouldn't be my preferred sequence. For reference, I TAd the Math 50s series at Stanford, and they did linear algebra to prepare you for multivariable calculus. I know AoPS includes it in the Precalc class for the same reason. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 2 minutes ago, chiguirre said: What did her Precalc class cover? My dd's class has been doing matrices for almost 2 months. I took Trig in high school back in the last century so I'd never seen matrices when we started Calc our senior year. Yeah, it's possible to have it covered in precalc. Depends on what precalc covers. I think some of the algorithms you learn in multivariable calculus do make more sense if you know some theory, though (invertible matrices, eigenvectors, etc.) But that's not exactly what I meant, I just meant having a good mental model of matrices and vectors. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 Okay, you all are talking over my head with the math, lol. 36 minutes ago, square_25 said: I'd start with Discrete Math before analysis, anyway :-). I don't think you need multivariable calculus for analysis, but it's been a while... I could be forgetting something. Thanks! So, any ideas where I can find a discrete math class? Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 1 hour ago, Caroline said: MIT has a great OpenCourseWare multivariable calculus course. Lectures, problem sets, and exams with solutions are all available. I went through it with my senior this year. It was enjoyable. Caroline, what did you find enjoyable about this course? Thank you! Does it have proofs? Edited April 11 by Mom0012 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Kassia 4,736 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 1 hour ago, square_25 said: You'll need linear algebra before multivariable calculus, by the way. I've never seen this either. 1 hour ago, RootAnn said: (I never took a proof-based "linear algebra" class. I'm a Mechanical Engineer. Wasn't required.) Dd#1 is planning to be a math major. None of the three "final picks" among her colleges recommended or required linear algebra before Calc 3, but some have Calc 2 as a prereq for Linear Alg (others have Calc 3 as a prereq). I did see a Calc 4 (Advanced something something) with Linear Alg as a prereq (or coreq?) at one. (Some have Matrix Theory as its own class & others don't.) I'm sure some schools do it differently, though. I've just never heard that assertion. Interesting. My three sons are all engineers and all had to take linear algebra but DH, also an engineer, never took it. So, maybe it's a newer requirement? Here, Calc 2 is a prereq for Linear Algebra and Differential Equations. DH always says Diff Eq is Calc 4 but I don't know. Ds3 took Diff Eq without Calc 3 and said some Calc 3 knowledge was assumed and he had to figure it out. He took Linear Algebra and was fine. Dd will take linear algebra next year with only calc 2 background and I'm hoping she'll be ok. Edited April 11 by Kassia 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 I’m really confused by this sequence. You use no calculus in linear algebra whatsoever but you use vectors and matrices in multivariable calculus. I’ve taught all of these! What am I missing here? 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Caroline 12,637 Report post Posted April 11 6 minutes ago, square_25 said: I’m really confused by this sequence. You use no calculus in linear algebra whatsoever but you use vectors and matrices in multivariable calculus. I’ve taught all of these! What am I missing here? At Georgia Tech, linear algebra used to be covered in the first part of calculus 2. Now students take linear algebra after calculus 1, then multivariable after that. But really, it was just a name change of the class. Calculus 2 was mostly linear algebra. The MIT course I referred to above has a vectors and matrices unit as the first unit. Then it goes into partial derivatives, double integrals and triple integrals. 3 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 11 minutes ago, Caroline said: At Georgia Tech, linear algebra used to be covered in the first part of calculus 2. Now students take linear algebra after calculus 1, then multivariable after that. But really, it was just a name change of the class. Calculus 2 was mostly linear algebra. The MIT course I referred to above has a vectors and matrices unit as the first unit. Then it goes into partial derivatives, double integrals and triple integrals. Yeah, that was the Stanford sequence as well. It was linear algebra, then multivariable calculus :-). Can’t remember if it was all stuffed into one quarter, but it may have been. Maybe this is just a naming issue!! ETA: here’s the Stanford class I mean. I TA’d it a few times: http://web.stanford.edu/class/math51/cgi-bin/51.php Edited April 11 by square_25 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

RootAnn 11,335 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) I think there is a naming thing, but I checked & this book is used by one of DD's top two college choices for their Linear Alg class which has a Calc 2 prereq. Note the overview description: "This book is for sophomore-level or junior/senior-level first courses in linear algebra and assumes calculus as a prerequisite." Adding that their Calc sequence uses 6th edition Stewart Calculus. And this book is used in their second Linear Algebra course in the sequence. Edited April 11 by RootAnn Added a couple of textbook links 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 2 minutes ago, RootAnn said: I think there is a naming thing, but I checked & this book is used by one of DD's top two college choices for their Linear Alg class which has a Calc 2 prereq. Note the overview description: "This book is for sophomore-level or junior/senior-level first courses in linear algebra and assumes calculus as a prerequisite." Oh, I see. Looking through the table of contents, there are differential equations in there, which would need calculus. I don’t think any of the actual linear algebra does, though? Well, I can think of a couple of things where you COULD use it, but mostly the material is totally unrelated. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

RootAnn 11,335 Report post Posted April 11 Sorry, BTW, Lisa. Didn't mean to run off on a tangent in your thread. @square_25 I added another book link in my previous post. That particular college lists the texts in the course descriptions, but you have to look up textbooks separately at the others. I think there is a naming & coverage difference at different schools. So, what are we looking for now -- a Discrete Math course? 1 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 Yeah, sorry!! I know AoPS has probability and combinatorics classes. Would that work? 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 4 minutes ago, RootAnn said: Sorry, BTW, Lisa. Didn't mean to run off on a tangent in your thread. @square_25 I added another book link in my previous post. That particular college lists the texts in the course descriptions, but you have to look up textbooks separately at the others. I think there is a naming & coverage difference at different schools. So, what are we looking for now -- a Discrete Math course? I’m just glad everyone is enjoying the discussion.😊 Honestly, I don’t know what I’m looking for, but maybe discrete math. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 4 minutes ago, square_25 said: Yeah, sorry!! I know AoPS has probability and combinatorics classes. Would that work? I will take a look. Honestly, this may just be a get it done year for us with math since my dd isn’t super interested and would like to carry on with 4 languages and a slew of other things. I guess that’s why I was originally wondering about the Khan Academy materials. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 28 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: I will take a look. Honestly, this may just be a get it done year for us with math since my dd isn’t super interested and would like to carry on with 4 languages and a slew of other things. I guess that’s why I was originally wondering about the Khan Academy materials. I’ll take a look at what they have :-). I think making math more fun for a year might be nice, though... but not if you don’t think she’ll enjoy it. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

GoodGrief1 996 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) What is her goal here? Is she looking to do math or engineering in college? Is she just an advanced math student who needs something rigorous for senior year? Am I understanding correctly that she has completed math through Calc BC but has also done AP Stats? If she is considering engineering, I think doing more calculus at the CC is probably going to serve her better than Stats 2. Some school districts consider computer science a subject in the math category. If you are just looking to fill the math hole, and she doesn't have specific goals, that might be an option. Editing to add that I missed your last post, and now see that you are looking to "get 'er done" as far as math! If that's the case, I think the stats 2 would be fine, or comp sci if she has an interest. The AP Comp Sci through PA Homeschoolers was really quite good. Edited April 11 by GoodGrief1 3 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

kiana 11,412 Report post Posted April 11 re: calc 3 and linear algebra. It is quite uncommon to require linear algebra as a prereq for multivariable calculus; it is generally taught on an as-needed basis. Calculus is usually required as a prerequisite for linear, not because the linear algebra content itself requires calculus, but because a certain level of mathematical maturity is required. Calculus examples are used in some of the popular linear algebra textbooks (Anton, for one) but they are asterisked and could be omitted. There are other courses (modern algebra, for example) where technically they could be done after precalculus (there are modern algebra texts that are structured for intro to proofs) but it would be rare indeed for a student to have that level of maturity and not had calculus. re: op, if she thinks calculus is easy and boring I would not do diffeq or mvc, I think it would be more of the same. I think that a discrete math course would be a wonderful idea. I had taken calc 1-3, linear (computationally oriented), diffeq, and stats, all of which were easy and boring. I took discrete, which at my college was intro to proofs, but it was also the last class required for my math minor, and halfway through the semester I changed my major to math. I think I'd consider the following: The aops discrete math classes -- the intro level might not be very challenging to someone who has already had calculus, but the topics are fun and it certainly will fill the bill of a senior math class. If nt/combinatorics are completed I'd say 1cr discrete math. For each one I'd say a semester's credit would be totally reasonable. The stats II -- AP stats often doesn't transfer in very well, and especially if she took stats at the CC. Stats II should transfer as something. A CC liberal arts math class -- again, it will be a bunch of fun topics that won't be especially challenging, but will be generally chosen to be of either high interest or high applicability. It'd probably end up transferring and counting for a general elective. Doing math for liberal arts on your own with Lippman's math and society (free) and/or jacobs MHE, choose your own units based on interest. Many of these would be great one semester courses, so you could mix and match. I've headed towards the easier and of more interest to the humanities side because you mentioned her desire to git'r'done and study languages. 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 5 hours ago, GoodGrief1 said: What is her goal here? Is she looking to do math or engineering in college? Is she just an advanced math student who needs something rigorous for senior year? Am I understanding correctly that she has completed math through Calc BC but has also done AP Stats? If she is considering engineering, I think doing more calculus at the CC is probably going to serve her better than Stats 2. Some school districts consider computer science a subject in the math category. If you are just looking to fill the math hole, and she doesn't have specific goals, that might be an option. Editing to add that I missed your last post, and now see that you are looking to "get 'er done" as far as math! If that's the case, I think the stats 2 would be fine, or comp sci if she has an interest. The AP Comp Sci through PA Homeschoolers was really quite good. Hmm, hadn’t even thought about computer science. I think pretty much anything would excite her more than calculus. And she liked stats, so stats II could work then, too. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 2 hours ago, kiana said: re: calc 3 and linear algebra. It is quite uncommon to require linear algebra as a prereq for multivariable calculus; it is generally taught on an as-needed basis. Calculus is usually required as a prerequisite for linear, not because the linear algebra content itself requires calculus, but because a certain level of mathematical maturity is required. Calculus examples are used in some of the popular linear algebra textbooks (Anton, for one) but they are asterisked and could be omitted. There are other courses (modern algebra, for example) where technically they could be done after precalculus (there are modern algebra texts that are structured for intro to proofs) but it would be rare indeed for a student to have that level of maturity and not had calculus. re: op, if she thinks calculus is easy and boring I would not do diffeq or mvc, I think it would be more of the same. I think that a discrete math course would be a wonderful idea. I had taken calc 1-3, linear (computationally oriented), diffeq, and stats, all of which were easy and boring. I took discrete, which at my college was intro to proofs, but it was also the last class required for my math minor, and halfway through the semester I changed my major to math. I think I'd consider the following: The aops discrete math classes -- the intro level might not be very challenging to someone who has already had calculus, but the topics are fun and it certainly will fill the bill of a senior math class. If nt/combinatorics are completed I'd say 1cr discrete math. For each one I'd say a semester's credit would be totally reasonable. The stats II -- AP stats often doesn't transfer in very well, and especially if she took stats at the CC. Stats II should transfer as something. A CC liberal arts math class -- again, it will be a bunch of fun topics that won't be especially challenging, but will be generally chosen to be of either high interest or high applicability. It'd probably end up transferring and counting for a general elective. Doing math for liberal arts on your own with Lippman's math and society (free) and/or jacobs MHE, choose your own units based on interest. Many of these would be great one semester courses, so you could mix and match. I've headed towards the easier and of more interest to the humanities side because you mentioned her desire to git'r'done and study languages. Thanks, Kiana. I had noticed that the stats II class wouldn’t transfer to the university closest to us, so it made me wonder if the class was worth taking. Thanks for the other suggestions. I will look more closely at each of them and see if there is something there that sparks an interest for her. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 8 hours ago, square_25 said: I’ll take a look at what they have :-). I think making math more fun for a year might be nice, though... but not if you don’t think she’ll enjoy it. Don’t get me wrong. It would be great if I could find something she’d enjoy. I’d love that. I just don’t want to get her into something really intense and then have it turn out that she doesn’t enjoy it. She had been exploring the idea of actuary work, and had been thinking about prepping for the first actuary exam for her math this year — probability — but then I think she got so sick of calculus, she started to think she might not like that kind of work. Prepping for that exam is probably still the thing she is most interested in doing. i guess if she did that, I could call it a probability course, culminating in the actuary exam, vs “actuary exam prep”. Hmmm. Edited April 11 by Mom0012 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 18 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: Don’t get me wrong. It would be great if I could find something she’d enjoy. I’d love that. I just don’t want to get her into something really intense and then have it turn out that she doesn’t enjoy it. She had been exploring the idea of actuary work, and had been thinking about prepping for the first actuary exam for her math this year — probability — but then I think she got so sick of calculus, she started to think she might not like that kind of work. Prepping for that exam is probably still the thing she is most interested in doing. i guess if she did that, I could call it a probability course, culminating in the actuary exam, vs “actuary exam prep”. Hmmm. Just to reiterate: if she likes proofs and her calculus class had none, the issue isn’t that she doesn’t like math, it’s that she doesn’t like rote calculations. I can’t tell you whether she’d enjoy actuarial work, but a basic class like Intro to Probability at AoPS would clarify what she enjoys and doesn’t. And it wouldn’t be too onerous, either. It’s really a gentle, fun, proof-based intro. Edited April 11 by square_25 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 10 minutes ago, square_25 said: Just to reiterate: if she likes proofs and her calculus class had none, the issue isn’t that she doesn’t like math, it’s that she doesn’t like rote calculations. I can’t tell you whether she’d enjoy actuarial work, but a basic class like Intro to Probability at AoPS would clarify what she enjoys and doesn’t. And it wouldn’t be too onerous, either. It’s really a gentle, fun, proof-based intro. I will take a look at AOPS’ probability class. Thank you. 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 3 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: I will take a look at AOPS’ probability class. Thank you. It’s relevant to actuarial work, too, since it’s probability :-). I’ve taught it, it’s a fun class :-). 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 16 minutes ago, square_25 said: It’s relevant to actuarial work, too, since it’s probability :-). I’ve taught it, it’s a fun class :-). So, it would be the Intro to Counting and Probability class that I should look at? Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) 18 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: So, it would be the Intro to Counting and Probability class that I should look at? That's the one I meant, yeah :-). This counts both as a discrete math and as a basic probability class. Edited April 11 by square_25 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Arcadia 17,799 Report post Posted April 11 13 hours ago, Mom0012 said: Honestly, this may just be a get it done year for us with math since my dd isn’t super interested and would like to carry on with 4 languages and a slew of other things. See if she is interested in something like an independent study on math and languages since your daughter likes proofs. Kathy in Richmond’s daughter majored in math and classics at Stanford. DS13 did Introduction to Counting & Probability and Introduction to Number Theory courses. He wasn’t interested enough to do the intermediate courses and he is more of an applied math person all along. DS14 did the books for those and did the course for Intermediate Number Theory and he enjoys classes where he needs to learn. He wasn’t using the course for high school credit. My library actually has copies of the AoPS books and solution manuals. So you might want to check there first. I bought the books for DS14 and then he decides whether he wants to just self study or do the online course as well. DS14 makes his own math choices, I just budget and pay. He finds linear algebra the hardest so he picked to do CTY Linear Algebra as a non-credit foundation, then SPCS Multivariable Differential Calculus followed by SPCS Multivariable Integral Calculus. He would likely do SPCS Linear Algebra in Fall semester as we are concentrating on humanities (his weak area) in summer. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 8 minutes ago, Arcadia said: See if she is interested in something like an independent study on math and languages since your daughter likes proofs. Kathy in Richmond’s daughter majored in math and classics at Stanford. DS13 did Introduction to Counting & Probability and Introduction to Number Theory courses. He wasn’t interested enough to do the intermediate courses and he is more of an applied math person all along. DS14 did the books for those and did the course for Intermediate Number Theory and he enjoys classes where he needs to learn. He wasn’t using the course for high school credit. My library actually has copies of the AoPS books and solution manuals. So you might want to check there first. I bought the books for DS14 and then he decides whether he wants to just self study or do the online course as well. DS14 makes his own math choices, I just budget and pay. He finds linear algebra the hardest so he picked to do CTY Linear Algebra as a non-credit foundation, then SPCS Multivariable Differential Calculus followed by SPCS Multivariable Integral Calculus. He would likely do SPCS Linear Algebra in Fall semester as we are concentrating on humanities (his weak area) in summer. Arcadia, what would an independent study on math and languages look like? Are you saying the C&P classes are not applied math? Or that they are, but that your son still didn’t care for them? I am wondering because when my dd was looking at becoming an actuary, it was recommended that she get a degree in applied math vs actuarial studies in order to excel in the field and I wasn’t sure what was meant by that. I will see if our library has the AOPS books available. Thank you! Oh, and what is “SPCS”? Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Arcadia 17,799 Report post Posted April 11 2 minutes ago, Mom0012 said: Arcadia, what would an independent study on math and languages look like? Are you saying the C&P classes are not applied math? Or that they are, but that your son still didn’t care for them? Oh, and what is “SPCS”? I am good with creating and doing independent studies but bad at quantifying what would be worth a high school credit. You could start a thread on that because math and languages have lots of interlap actually in the logic sense and probably in more areas that I am unaware of. The AoPS C&P courses are more theoretical than typical high school C&P topics. My son was thinking of designing sports cars and fighter airplanes as a career then so definitely prefer a get it done Math than AoPS style of C&P. You can take a look at Except 1 and Except 2 on this link https://artofproblemsolving.com/store/item/intro-counting SPCS is Stanford Precollegiate Studies https://ulo.stanford.edu/mathematics 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

shawthorne44 6,311 Report post Posted April 11 15 hours ago, RootAnn said: I think there is a naming thing, but I checked & this book is used by one of DD's top two college choices for their Linear Alg class which has a Calc 2 prereq. Note the overview description: "This book is for sophomore-level or junior/senior-level first courses in linear algebra and assumes calculus as a prerequisite." Adding that their Calc sequence uses 6th edition Stewart Calculus. And this book is used in their second Linear Algebra course in the sequence. That had been my experience as well. Cal 1, 2 and 3 were taken then you did other stuff (assuming you were taking lots of math). I would have liked to take Linear Algebra earlier though. Cal 2 kicked me around, but Linear Algebra was breath of fresh air. 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

chiguirre 16,962 Report post Posted April 11 5 hours ago, Mom0012 said: So, it would be the Intro to Counting and Probability class that I should look at? I think that the first C&P class will be too basic for someone who has had Calc I and II and a semester of stat. Trinqueta is a good student and likes math, but she's not super advanced, and she took that class in 8th grade. I think your dd would find a better fit with the Intermediate class although she might need to read through the Intro book on her own if she hasn't covered all the material. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 (edited) I don't want to wade too deep into the linear algebra versus multivariable calculus discussion, but I guess what I'm really saying is that it'd be a good idea to see at least some linear algebra before doing multivariable calculus. I don't know whether it would need to be in the context in a class specifically called "linear algebra," but your daughter will want to have seen vectors, matrices, invertibility of matrices, and determinants before seeing multivariable calculus. Not because she couldn't pick it up along the way, but because material tends to be easier in the context of applying it if you've seen it before. Of course, it's possible that the multivariable calculus she signs up for will just cover these things for her before it uses them, in which case she doesn't need to take it separately (although for what it's worth, it's great if some material at the beginning of the class is actually review, since reviewing it is a great way to cement it.) I've heard arguments about "mathematical maturity" before and am not sure I buy it. I vastly prefer teaching linear algebra to teaching calculus precisely because it requires less background. When I teach calculus, I really need kids to have internalized functions and graphs of functions and algebra well before calculus makes any sense. For linear algebra, you need much less background, and it can be made very visual and hands on. I've taught both and have had more positive experiences with linear algebra in terms of student engagement and comprehension. I don't know enough about actuarial science to know what was meant by the "applied math" comment. A class like Intro to Counting and Probability is theoretical, because it lays the foundation for the subject and doesn't venture that much into practical applications. I'd want to know what kind of math was meant by "applied math," though, because to me applied math is shorthand for things like differential equations, as opposed to statistics. Edited April 11 by square_25 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 1 minute ago, chiguirre said: I think that the first C&P class will be too basic for someone who has had Calc I and II and a semester of stat. Trinqueta is a good student and likes math, but she's not super advanced, and she took that class in 8th grade. I think your dd would find a better fit with the Intermediate class although she might need to read through the Intro book on her own if she hasn't covered all the material. It's true that it's a fairly low level class :-). But I think it'd be better to start there and see if you like the material rather than starting with more advanced stuff. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

kiana 11,412 Report post Posted April 11 1 hour ago, Mom0012 said: Are you saying the C&P classes are not applied math? Or that they are, but that your son still didn’t care for them? I am wondering because when my dd was looking at becoming an actuary, it was recommended that she get a degree in applied math vs actuarial studies in order to excel in the field and I wasn’t sure what was meant by that. There are different kinds of applied math. Someone who's looking at engineering would be looking more at the calculus side. Someone who's looking at actuarial science would need the probability side (and the calculus side, but). University-major applied math is still pretty theoretical. I went back and looked at the requirements for one school I attended. They required calc 1-3, linear, diffeq, modeling, advanced calculus 1-2 (this is a theory class, calculus with proofs), a survey of probability and statistics, and three electives. Their electives all included significant quantities of theory. Examples were differential equations with proofs, complex analysis (calculus with proofs and complex numbers), numerical analysis (again, proofs). They also needed to pursue an approved minor. Someone who was looking at actuarial science, for example, might choose something like economics or finance. Someone else might choose physics because it's more in line with their interest. 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

kiana 11,412 Report post Posted April 11 1 hour ago, square_25 said: It's true that it's a fairly low level class :-). But I think it'd be better to start there and see if you like the material rather than starting with more advanced stuff. I agree. I'd skim through it and if it piqued interest, go for the intermediate -- if not, choose another topic. 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

square_25 699 Report post Posted April 11 2 minutes ago, kiana said: There are different kinds of applied math. Someone who's looking at engineering would be looking more at the calculus side. Someone who's looking at actuarial science would need the probability side (and the calculus side, but). University-major applied math is still pretty theoretical. I went back and looked at the requirements for one school I attended. They required calc 1-3, linear, diffeq, modeling, advanced calculus 1-2 (this is a theory class, calculus with proofs), a survey of probability and statistics, and three electives. Their electives all included significant quantities of theory. Examples were differential equations with proofs, complex analysis (calculus with proofs and complex numbers), numerical analysis (again, proofs). They also needed to pursue an approved minor. Someone who was looking at actuarial science, for example, might choose something like economics or finance. Someone else might choose physics because it's more in line with their interest. Sound about right :-). I almost double majored in applied math, but for me, it was too physics-related: I just wasn't that interested in differential equations. In a lot of schools, statistics is separate from applied math, I think, so I tend to think of applied math as the stuff that gets applied to physics. 1 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted April 11 Thanks again! I showed her all the options and it sounds like she’s interested in either taking a discrete math class or statistics II at the cc. 3 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

Mom0012 1,384 Report post Posted Wednesday at 07:32 PM Updating - She took an online discrete math class through the cc and liked it. Her professor commented that she was really great at proofs. So, she really loved proofs when she did geometry and she liked them in discrete math. Maybe she would like calculus better if it was a proof-based class. Depending on what college she winds up at and how the credits transfer, she may need to take calculus again, so that’s something I’ll point out to her in case that is an option. 2 Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

daijobu 3,948 Report post Posted Thursday at 02:42 AM Another vote for introductory counting and probability (if she hasn't taken it yet), intro to number theory, and/or intro to programming in python. All are offered at AoPS, or the math classes you can do self-study with the textbooks. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites