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Lori D.

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Lori D. last won the day on September 20 2013

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About Lori D.

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    learning, reading, gardening, leisure hiking, film buff, and Rock Band game bassist

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  1. At the least, it can make a useful "fall-back" job until DS knows what he wants to do. Or even a side job. Most of the firefighters on our city dept. have some sort of flexible or out-of-the-home side job that they do on their longer breaks off each month. (Since they work 24-hour shifts, they get the following 24-hour day off, and they do that cycle for several shifts, and then get several days in a row off -- it usually averages out to working something like ten 24-hour shifts per month. So that can give them time on the days off for side jobs.)
  2. That's vey helpful for your DS to know -- helps him focus on urban, but also to look at "related" or somewhat similar jobs. re: promotions & a degree A degree really only is needed for getting above the ranks of the "blue shirts" who work 24-hour shifts and respond to calls -- firefighter, engineer, paramedic, inspector, captain, battalion chief. It's the promoting to being a "white shirt" -- 8-hour day administrative chief or overall department fire chief -- where a degree is desired or needed. Most people on a fire department don't want to go beyond the 24-hour shifts and actually responding to calls. However, sometimes a 1-year certificate or a 2-year Associate degree in Fire Science (esp. if it includes EMT certification) can really help you stand out from the pack for hiring. Oh, those are SUPER things to have on his transcript and as part of his experience! You can definitely create a special subject heading for all 3 of those classes, and any other vo-tech types of courses he does this coming year. Another job field to consider might be welding, esp if DS builds on his vo-tech welding course and gets his welder certification -- right now in some parts of the country, they are so short on welders, he can earn up to $70,000/year! He might also be interested in an apprenticeship and become an electrician -- the son of a friend just started his apprenticeship, and he "earns while he learns" -- you work full time and are paid a salary and benefits, and 2-3 evenings a week you take classes, and as you complete/pass classes, you move up in salary. At the end of 5 years, you are certified and can go anywhere and earn a good wage. You and DS might have fun exploring the Occupational Outlook Handbook -- you can set up those search fields to look for jobs that require only on-the-job training, and are growing fields, or look at jobs in certain salary levels, etc. That can sometimes give you ideas for jobs of possible interest. Also, you can learn about specific jobs, and also click on the link for "similar occupations" for more ideas -- here are firefighter, welder, and electrician, just for fun. Yes, it was *very* intensive -- about 10 hours/day, 5 days/week for 3.5 weeks, plus two 8-hour clinical shifts at a nearby hospital emergency room. But the program also has an incredibly high pass rate for the national EMT certification test -- over 95%! It is the Nols Wilderness EMT program. An amazing coincidence for DS#2 -- that EMT program cost almost exactly the same amount of the AmeriCorps tuition credit that DS#2 earned for his 9 month commitment with ACE! We are SUPER proud of him, because academic/college studies is NOT this DS's strength -- it helps tremendously that he saw a clear *purpose* for doing it. BEST of luck to you and DS as you explore, discuss, and enjoy his senior year of homeschooling! Warmest regards, Lori D.
  3. Agreeing with previous posters -- he has 3 lab sciences, he'll be fine for college admission. Yea! As for how to label his online course work -- yes, call it Fire Science; personally, I would create a separate section for "Fire Science Courses" and list credits there as a sort of "minor". Or possibly create a "Vocational-Technical Courses" section and you can place it there. If it's just the one credit, then that's a tough call -- Fire Science is not a Natural Science, like Biology, Astronomy, Geology, Meteorology, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, etc. It certainly does *touch* on aspects of various Natural Sciences (electricity, blood pathogens, structural engineering, etc.), BUT, the focus and depth is on practical techniques and information needed directly for a job -- which is what vocational-technical credits do. But, it's totally up to you, as his administrator. 😉 As for firefighting as a career: DH worked for our city's fire dept. for 28 years ("urban firefighting), and DS#2 is in the midst of his 3rd season as a "forest firefighter" ("wildland firefighter"). They are completely different jobs -- different skill sets, different duties, different temperaments. re: urban (city) firefighting If wanting to head toward urban firefighting, it would be a good idea to get extremely physically fit (running, weight lifting), and esp., get EMT trained in advance, as that gives you an edge going into the application process. Due to the greatly improved sprinkler systems, fire alarm systems, and structural requirements, much of urban firefighting has moved to medical responses (difficulty breathing, falls, medical calls to the elderly, etc.); mental health/homeless calls; drug/alcohol abuse related calls; and auto accidents. Actual fires tend to be few and far between. Just so your DS has a realistic idea of what an urban firefighter really DOES day to day. 😉 Also, if planning on advancing through the ranks to become an administrative chief, many city fire departments are moving toward requiring a Bachelor degree, or even a Master's degree (often in something like Business Management) to be eligible for those higher positions. One of the young men in our local homeschool group got his Bachelor and then Master's degree in Criminal Justice, and then got onto our city's Fire Dept. He is on the fast track to move up, and I would NOT be surprised if he ended up as the Fire Chief of the whole dept. one day, lol. One big downside is that most cities have individual fire departments, with non-transferable years of service for pay scale, or benefits. For example: my DH could have served in our city for 20 years, moved to the even bigger city 2 hours away, and would have had to start from scratch in applying, going through the fire academy, and starting again as a new recruit. There are some areas that DO accept transfers (I *think* the whole state of CA is on one system), but for the most part, you would want to be careful to apply to the department in the city where you want to live for the next 20-30 years in order to have a vested pension, and to not have to "start all over again" if you want to move. re: wildland (forest) firefighting If wanting to head toward wildland firefighting, then the main things that will help are: getting extremely physically fit (running, esp. at altitude, and with a weighted 45-lb. pack), weight-lifting, lots of hiking in heavy protective boots, and lots of backpacking and tent living in the wilderness. It can also be very helpful to have some experience in specific areas that the Forest Service is looking for. For example, DS#2 had served 9 months with an AmeriCorps partner program doing trail conservation & restoration and had chainsaw training and Widerness First Aid certification from that program, as well as experience of packing in/tent living and working long days for weeks on end. Also, some college credits can sometimes give you an edge. (DS had 2 Biology-based college courses from his 2.5 years at the community college -- which turned out to be exactly what was helpful/needed for some reason that I can no longer remember.) Another help is if you have military service, which gives you a boost in hiring on, and it is counted as part of your years of service and puts you into a higher salary bracket. One big downside of wildland firefighting is that it is seasonal -- so you're only working for 5-6 months out of the year, and need to find flexible living and work options for the other half of the year. Finally, I will add that, like OP-er's DS, our DS#2 also intensely hated school and only went to the community college after graduation because there really weren't any other options. When he left after 2.5 years, he swore he would never go back to college -- BUT, he did just do an intensive 3-week EMT course (worth 6 college credits) this spring, so that he would be a certified EMT and have a better chance at getting on a hot shot crew next fire season (hot shot crews are required to have at least 2 EMTs as part of the crew). In other words: college is not for everyone, nor is it needed for everyone. And, putting off college does not mean that one can't come back to college at a later time when there is a *reason* for it, and when one is more mentally *prepared* for it. BEST of luck to your DS, Random! And please let me know if I can answer any questions for you. Warmest regards, Lori D. ETA -- PS Since your son is a rising senior, you might see if your local Community College (CC) has a Fire Science program, and if DS can take dual enrollment courses in Fire Science, to be even more prepared to apply for the fire dept. after graduation. Our CC has a program of FREE dual enrollment courses in vocational-tech areas such as Fire Science, and you can knock out a lot of a Fire Science Associate's degree for FREE while still in high school.
  4. 2-3 Subject tests more than meets "recommended" expectations. It is usually best to do 2 completely different subjects, and if doing fewer Subject tests, to do them in core academic areas (esp. 1 Math and 1 Science). If doing one of the History or the Lit. Subject tests, it is also a good idea to show broad competency with a Science or Math Subject test. One exception might be if the student plans on a STEM field -- then 1 Math and 2 Science Subject tests could be very useful. Another exception might be if the student has taken a lot of Foreign Language credits and wants to minor or major in that language -- then the Subject test in that language would be good "proof" of the student's proficiency level (although, the student will still need to take the foreign language placement test at the college if wanting to place beyond intro level).
  5. ::doh!:: [forehead smack] Yes, you are right RootAnn! Thank you for catching that for me. Excellence in Lit. is writing heavy -- Essentials in Lit. is NOT heavy in writing, and in that case if doing both Essentials in Lit + IEW, I would only award 1.0 credit.
  6. Yes, volume 2 focuses more on Greek roots, but it also was very worthwhile to us. 🙂
  7. LOL -- and DS#2 would have said "Are you kidding me? I have to get up to find the answer??? Forget it! Far faster to make up an answer..." 😂 Truly, different strokes for different folks, and all the BEST in finding in what works best for YOUR student!
  8. GAH! If ONLY I could have found "the best" writing programs for my own DSs, and now for my co-op classes... Totally agreeing with Momto6inIN -- it is totally going to depend on what clicks for the individual student. I've run Lit. & Writing co-op classes for 6 years now, and every single student has had different strengths/weaknesses and needs, and there is NO ONE program that I can teach to all -- I have a shelf full of programs and resources and pull bits and pieces from each. The main things I have learned over these years of teaching writing: 1. teach students the parts (and sentence order) of a paragraph 2. practice by writing lots of 1-paragraph assignments of different types (comparison, analysis, process ("how to"), argumentative, etc.) 3. then show how a multi-paragraph or multi-page assignment is just the 1 paragraph expanded in to multiple paragraphs 4. stress that a finished paper is a multi-step *process* (brainstorm, organize, rough draft, revise (add/remove, move parts), revise again, proof-edit 5. and most important of all -- teach and practice how to THINK and how to build a logical supported argument Ideas: Wordsmith (2nd of the 3 Wordsmith programs) Focuses on paragraph writing and leads into essay writing. Covers writing paragraphs in all 4 types of writing (descriptive, narrative, expository, persuasive), and is very independent, but not a lot of depth or help for the student if they don't "click" with writing. (Wordsmith Apprentice (program 1) is the more creative writing-based program, with a "cub reporter" theme of writing through the different departments of a newspaper -- if your student is already writing complete paragraphs and multi-paragraph papers, he is beyond this one. Wordsmith Craftsman (program 3) is based on essay writing for high school; we found it too scattered and disjointed to be helpful.) Jump In (gr. 6-9) Also independent, but is more in-depth than Wordsmith, and teaches students how to think of what to write about and how to structure their writing. Focus is multi-paragraph writing (5-paragraph essays). Some people have said the scheduling is too scattered for them -- it is scheduled to take 2 years, but that is because after each unit you take 4 weeks to do "free writes". We skipped the free writes as the prompts were repetitive, boring, and "lame" (according to DS), and completed it in 1 year, and We took 1 year, and instead did timed essays from past SAT prompts (we slowly built up over 2 years from 1 paragraph/10 minutes, to the full 25 minutes and multi-paragraph essay). Other programs to consider: general Daily 6-Trait Writing (gr. 7-8) -- Evan-Moor Twisting Arms: Teaching Students How to Write to Persuade (di Prince) -- how to think / build an argument Writing Skills: level 2 and/or level 3 (Hanbury-King) paragraph writing 4-Square Writing Method (gr. 7-9) -- or version with "enhanced CD" How to Write a Paragraph (gr. 6-8) -- Teacher Created Materials Paragraphs for Middle School: A Sentence Composing Approach (Killgallon) essay writing Mastering the 5-Paragraph Essay (Van Zile) -- written to a teacher/classroom so you have to adapt, and not tons of detail, but some solid material How to Write an Essay (gr. 6-8) -- Teacher Created Materials for high school, or possibly a strong writer in grade 8: - Lively Art of Writing + matching work pages created by WTMers - Elegant Essay - Windows to the World -- units on how to write a literary analysis essay, plus units on annotation and then how to use your annotations as support in a literary analysis essay - Mastering Short Response Writing: Claim It! Cite It! Cement It! - Writing with a Thesis (Skwire) -- older editions are super cheap; a dense, college-level text For research papers with citations... you might wait until high school, and work on nailing down solid writing habits, solid paragraphs, and solid multi-paragraph essays and reader responses in grade 7-8. Most of the research writing programs are for high school levels, and for students who can write multi-page papers.
  9. Welcome to the "big board", LOL! EiL has a LOT of writing in it, so I don't know as though you will need or want to also do IEW on top of it. Yes, if doing all, or most of, EiL, award 1.0 credit of English. If your student still needs direct instruction in Writing, then the student is likely a weaker writer, and I would be very careful to not overload the student, but instead, do IEW, and every so often, set IEW aside and do a writing assignment out of EiL. And in that case, I would only award 1.0 credit for English. If your student does all/most of EiL AND *also* does a large amount of, or all of, IEW, then I would award 1.0 credit of English (for the EiL), and at least partial credit in English: Composition for the IEW, based on hours spent on IEW. (Since English credits are heavy with time-intensive activities of reading and writing, many people go with 150-180 hours for awarding 1.0 credit to English -- for partial credit, that comes out to 75-90 hours for 0.5 credit, 50-60 hours for 0.33 credit, or 38-45 hours for 0.25 credit). Totally just me, but if only using a portion of IEW and not all of EiL, even if the hours went a bit over the 180 hour maximum for 1.0 credit, I would still award it as 1.0 credit of English. Perhaps, if doing the Honors portion of EiL, consider calling it 1.0 credit of Honors English. Just my thoughts. YMMV. BEST of luck as you start wearing your administrator hat! Warmest regards, Lori D.
  10. The Shakespeare: Animated Tales are also great for this -- they are 25-minute abridged versions, using all-original language, but streamlined. A good first viewing, so you get the idea of who is who and what the overall plot line is, so then you can focus on the language and ideas in the play. There was a fair amount of 4-letter words, and some talk about s*x (no actual s*x scenes). There were a fair number of connections to Taming of the Shrew. Health Ledger is good, but I thought that overall the movie was a good deal weaker than I thought it would be, based on the hype about it being a modern teen version of Shakespeare's play. JMO! (:D If watching a film version of Taming of the Shrew, I love the BBC TV version with John Cleese version, because in the ending scene, it is very clear that he did it all because he really cared for Katherine for who she is, and the unexpected bonus is that she truly cares for him too, which touches him. And it was a real pleasure to see Cleese, known for his outrageous humor in Monty Python, pull off a serious role and do it well. The Richard Burton/Elizabeth Taylor film version comes off that it is because he was after her money, and getting to be lusty with her because they're married is an unexpected bonus for him. Ick.
  11. Forgot to mention -- the PBS series Shakespeare Uncovered. The current season is the 3rd, so other plays are covered in seasons 1 and 2.
  12. I typically see these as the most frequent Shakespeare plays to pop up in high school classes: - tragedies: Hamlet, Macbeth, Romeo & Juliet - comedies: Midsummer Night's Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, Twelfth Night, Tempest, Taming of the Shrew - histories: Julius Caesar, Henry V When our 2 DSs were in high school, we read/dug into Hamlet and Macbeth. We watched live plays or film versions of Midsummer Night's Dream (live play), Much Ado About Nothing (films, 1993 & 2012), The Merchant of Venice (film, 2004 -- a few n*pples seen in the background), and The Taming of the Shrew (TV/stage version, 1982 with John Cleese as Petruchio) -- as well as a few of the "loosely-based" films I listed below -- and DSs enjoyed all of them. A few possible study resources: - Folger Shakespeare Library -- free teacher lessons - Brightest Heaven of Invention: Christian Guide to 6 Shakespeare Plays (Leithart) - parallel Shakespeare materials -- esp. the teacher guides and student workbooks, as well as good info in the parallel text books - Lightning Lit 1-semester Shakespeare guides -- tragedies + sonnets; comedies + sonnets A few possible "go-along" books: - Rosencranz and Guildenstern Are Dead -- play by Tom Stoppard about these 2 characters from Hamlet - William Shakespeare's Star Wars: Verily A New Hope (Doescher) -- original Star Wars story rendered into Shakespearean iambic pentameter - Shakespeare Stealer (and sequels) (Blackwood) -- YA/middle school historical fiction about a teen boy working for Shakespeare - Station 11 (St. John Mandel) -- sci-fi; post apocalyptic world and a troop of Shakespeare actors - The Night Circus (Morgenstern) -- fantastical world; star-crossed lovers slightly like Romeo and Juliet - Daughter of Time (Tey) -- not Shakespeare-based, but about Richard III, and solving a mystery about him -- WELL written! Not so much novels, but some classic films are unique versions of, or are loosely based on, specific Shakespeare plays: - The Tempest = Forbidden Planet (1956) - Romeo & Juliet = West Side Story (1961) - Henry IV = My Own Private Idaho (1991) - Macbeth = Throne of Blood (1957) -- subtitled; Japanese 1700s samurai - Hamlet = The Bad Sleep Well (1960) -- subtitled; Japanese 1960s gangster - Twelfth Night AND Romeo & Juliet = Shakespeare in Love (1998)
  13. Also, if you don't want kale to be the main attraction of the dish, you can just add a leaf or two to other dishes, so you have some at each meal, but without kale flavor overload. Thinly slice and add to a salad as one of several greens, or mix in with a baked pasta dish. Coarsely chop and add right at the end for "flash frying" with other vegetables for stir fry. Finely chop and sauté with other vegetables and seasonings and add to rice as a pilaf. We also sometimes get the pre-made salad kits that include kale.
  14. Agreeing with previous posters about bringing an empty insulated lunch bag, and either stopping at the store to pick up food and and an ice pack, or use a store delivery service, and store in the hotel fridge. For protein that does not need cold storage: nuts, canned tuna, canned chicken. There is also pre-cooked rice in vacuum sealed bags, so you could have chicken and rice for dinner, heated in the microwave. You could put tuna on salad for lunch. A lot of hotels have peeled boiled eggs as part of a complimentary breakfast, as well as bananas and apples. ETA -- OOOPPPPSSSSS! Disregard -- just saw this was an older thread and the trip (and food need) has already passed. ::embarrassed::
  15. If you liked vol. 1 of English from the Roots Up, you might like Vol. 2. Or possibly the Book of Roots.
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