How do I teach paraphrasing?
Posted 20 November 2010 - 08:42 AM
Thanks ; )
Posted 20 November 2010 - 10:04 AM
Posted 20 November 2010 - 10:29 AM
Not that it has to be Dante, but it has to be a piece of text that you give to your students, asking them to rewrite it but finding as many synonyms as possible (i.e. replacing every word they can) as well as changing expressions where possible and modifying syntax, if the text is poetic. Make them do it in writing, helped by a dictionary and a thesaurus. After a few of such writing exercises, move to ex abrupto paraphrasing right away, orally, when you read the text and have it in front of you.
After that, move to more "loose" paraphrasing, which doesn't aim to cover the text in its entirety, but which is more of a mix of summarizing and paraphrasing: allow the student to consult the text, but minimally, insisting on brevity AND on diversity of expression. Do it both orally and in writing.
Posted 22 November 2010 - 11:42 PM
1. You take a piece of writing, or even a paragraph, and you read it with your child.
2. You discuss it with the child.
3. You have the child re-write the segment in their own words without looking.
4. Wait a day or two and have them re-write it and make it "better." Change at least 3 nouns, add adverbs and adjectives, etc.
I think SWB has a video on You Tube where she says if the child cannot even do a paragraph, start with 2-3 sentences and work from there.
I'm doing it with Writing Tales, but it's for 4th and 5th graders. Doesn't IEW and Classical Writing teach the same model? I think they do. It might be worth checking out their websites. I've heard IEW is worth the money if your child is older and still struggling with the basics.
Posted 23 November 2010 - 11:19 AM
She says something along the lines of 'let's have a synonym lesson" and walk the child through their sentence finding ways to change what they wrote.
I am also sure that the difference between paraphrasing and direct quotations is covered many times in FLL year 3 or 4, if you happen to have one of those about.
Posted 23 November 2010 - 11:22 AM
Posted 24 November 2010 - 10:31 AM
But you can also make a key word or picture outline, then just use your outline to create your own sentances.
Posted 24 November 2010 - 10:35 AM