LaughingCat Posted January 31, 2012 Share Posted January 31, 2012 So I'm trying to wrap my head around memory in general. Here's my understanding (and please comment or tear it apart as you please :D): Working memory - is your ability to both hold information short term and to manipulate whatever you are holding. You have a limited number of "things" you can hold in memory so working memory is affected by the number of items you can hold and your attention (competing items taking over available "slots").It can also be affected by stress. Auditory and visual memory are types of short term memory - each has it's own set of "slots". So you could be able to hold lots of auditory information and little visual information. Working Memory can also access long term memory via chunking orthe way we combine things in order to hold more in our short term memory (i.e. 4 things "chunked" together = 1 thing in memory). Automaticity or overlearning are repeated practice that make the chunking easier. Encoding is moving things from short term memory into long term memory. Recall is getting things back out of long term memory. Both encoding and recall are affected by meaningfulness, how much something relates to other things already known. Also a story or procedure can help due to linking each piece to a previous piece. And strong emotion can also increase encoding. The major detractors to working memory appear to be: 1- small number of slots 2- less slots available due to a) lack of attention/uninteresting b)environment/sensory distractions c) stress 3- unable to recall associated information quickly 4- unable to encode information (so never get to chunking mechanism) 5- doesn't generalize well (improving ability with numbers may not help with words) Practice can improve working memory: number strings, starting with 3, moving to reversing copying pictures from memory (often pegboard) remembering picture details reading word strings and repeating back games like Simon & Loopz memory games (Memory, Sherlock, DragonTales) overlearning can improve working memory: practice,practice,practice stories to relate the information too flash cards Software that may help?: Cogmed Fast Forward (auditory only?) Brainware Safari Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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