# mathmarm

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1. ## Singapore math and supplements to prepare for algebra

Mastering the Bar-Modeling strategy, along with developing a rock-solid number-sense is a great preparation for Algebra. You don't need to do anything but learn the strategy and then work every word problem explicitly and systematically. I don't use the Primary Math/Dimensions series, but apply the strategy to a ton of Word Problems--we love Process Skills to Problem Solving and Kumon Word Problems are a distant 2nd to PStPS. If the child just wants to plug and chug with numbers, then take out the numbers and make him study the relationships for a few weeks.
2. ## Does your child know they are smart?

I can not speak to every one who chooses to pursue academics for their youngster. For our own family, it was not a choice that we made lightly or without thoughtful research and reflection. There is absolutely nothing wrong with deciding to follow a traditional trajectory for your children, and there is nothing wrong with deciding to follow a less expected or less understood trajectory. The most important thing is that children are loved and educated in nurturing environment. However, to your question: you and I are not co-parenting children. I'm not going to enumerate the reasons that my homeschool is designed the way it is. The only one who needs to agree with my parenting vision or share in the educational values and goals that I have for my children is their father, and fortunately he does.
3. ## Does your child know they are smart?

Memorization plays an important role in understanding. For many, memorization precedes understanding. The word problems that Englemanns group solve offer an interesting preview into whether or not they understand and make connections back to the real world. The children immediately recognize the significance of the mistake when Englemann plants the wrong unit in a word problem. One boy is wowed at the idea that a pie would cost \$20 as opposed to 20¢. Direct Instruction isn't the only way to teach such skills. It's one tool that's known and highly effective for teaching. It's available to anyone who wants to use it because it's a set of principles, more than a packaged curriculum. I'm citing the video as a neutral example of average children exemplifying above average competence in something both concrete and highly objective. Those are preschoolers and kindergarteners in that video. Obviously, if you keep them on that track extend the instruction, the work becomes more sophisticated Direct Instruction is highly accessible because it doesn't require oodles of special manipulatives and difficult to acquire training for teachers like Montessori and to a lesser extent Gattegno/Cuisseniare which requires special blocks and books. A well organized and executed Montessori Mathematics foundation established before 1st grade can put children at the stage of insightfully tackling algebraic concepts and skills--typically reserved for 9th and 11th grade--at the start of 1st or 2nd grade with understanding. A well organized and executed C-Rod based Mathematics program can have children understanding and working sophisticated calculations. The class in this video are 6months into 1st grade. There are a number of techniques that can be used to build up the understanding and abilities of averaged children. I don't know if successfully applying these types of methods can truly make a child gifted as the term is understood today.

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6. ## Does your child know they are smart?

So, it seem's that we're now having a few over-lapping conversation, without distinguishing which posts belong to which conversation and so my posts lose meaning without the proper context. In response to the OPs queries: Do my children know they are smart? I have not asked, but I think that my kids tend to feel smart. They each seem to have a good sense of self-esteem. They are particularly proud of their creative skills and abilities. Do my children know they are gifted? As someone who observes and monitors her children very closely, I have not seen the common traits of giftedness in them and believe you me I've looked. So far, there are no flags that make me think that getting them evaluated for giftedness is worth it. It's interesting to note that in a discussion of super-powers, they have both said that they wish that they could be "super smart" or "a genius". ****** Now, there was also the tangent that I spoke to re: The potential of Neuro-Typical children (my understanding of NT is that the childs IQ or cognitive abilities fall within the normal distribution of a bell-curve.) and my (disorganized thoughts) as to whether or not it's developed as fully or wholistically as possible by "typical" public schools. I am not qualified to speak to the experience of raising Neuro-Divergent children--on either side of the bell curve. It's not a part of my lived-experiences or my research.
7. ## Does your child know they are smart?

We use very systematic programs. By completing the programs with fidelity, you master a very precise skill set and achieve a very defined level. So, I do expect my children to come out of these programs at a roughly comparable levels. We use programs that are designed to deliver all "typical" students to the same destination on the same time table. I've kept samples of my eldests drawing progress and so far my younger tracks closely to what he did, when I compare their 0 months, 1 month, 2 months and 3 months of instructions samples, you see the largest variation during their earliest samples and when a new skill is introduced. But right around 3/4 months of instruction I can see how the "foundation" gelled and the variations get smaller and smaller. They must practice and repeat exercises until they're consistently producing a product that's "right". We move on at the point of mastery. Perhaps. But neither of my children are gifted artists or gifted writers. Bruce McIntyes essay about art being a skill, not a "talent" possessed by the few, really gelled with my family. We wanted to teach our children to draw--not "Art" but drawing--and found the resources that we needed to make it happen. We combined The Drawing Textbook and New Augsburg and it's a very repeatable method. Neither Hubby nor I felt we would be a good writing teacher and so we picked Reasoning and Writing composition program for our home school. It's a Direct Instruction program, I love it. I've written about it before.

10. ## Does your child know they are smart?

The title asks: Does your child know they are smart? I am pretty sure that my children feel smart. They're confident in their literacy and numeracy skills, and very proud of their drawing skills. I think that their handwriting is the only academic skill that has been noted and pointed out by young and old. They're very advanced in the things that they've been taught, and learn well when they're learning something new. But I don't see any signs from them that makes me think that they should be evaluated for giftedness.
11. ## Methods of Teaching Singing

What is a natural range for young children? I'm seeking a method that's completely about developing basic vocal skill, not instruments. Is there a series of Song Books that are able to be sung skillfully in a "natural range" for an untrained person or child? If so, what are they? You mentioned multiple methods that are based on Solfege--are there any alternatives to Solfege that I might explore? Which techniques lay the best foundation of skills like breathing and breath-control?
12. ## Methods of Teaching Singing

If I want to educate myself on the basics of Vocal Education/Singing Pedagogy, where should I start? What are the schools of thought that I should look to educate myself about the techniques to teaching or learning singing? There are a variety of established programs/"schools" for learning instruments (i.e. Suzuki, Yamaha, Alfreds, etc) but I imagine there are some established methods of vocal music seeing as how it's the only global instrument there is.

(((hugs))) After you're done being sad, it's important to start looking for actionable solutions, such as accepting/budgeting for an Uber or Lyft to take you out there every so often. An hours ride in an Uber would be costly, but once a month or every-other month, should be doable.

15. ## Life of Fred—tell it to me straight

What was the ending of Dogs in the original edition? What is the ending of Dogs now?
16. ## Short General Knowledge Videos

PBS has a series The Origin of Everything on YouTube.
17. ## Vocabulary?

Word Build is a great program. The workbooks are a bit costly, but we enjoy it greatly and the kids vocabulary benefits from working through it. We use the Foundations Series (2 books for 3rd-5th), but kinda wish we'd gotten the Elements Series (3 books for 6th+) instead. Spelling By Sound and Structure 7 and 8 are vocabulary focused books that teach roots and word elements. Spelling Through Morphographs teaches words elements and their meaning, as well as the spelling rules to combine roots and affixes to spell complex words.

So, we teach phonics "all the way through" for our kids. We use this Ultimate Phonics List because the font is large and easy for beginning readers and the words + sentences make it super easy to use. As the kids are progressing we pull in the free resources from OnTrack Reading for 3-Syllallble and 4-Syllable words, and for a free resource of 5-syllable words we created a list from a the website Wordnik, we discounted the more obscure words. So, we continue the phonics process until the kids can easily read 5 syllable words as easily as they can read a 5-syllable sentence. As quickly and clearly as our kids read Tom ran very fast. is as quickly and clearly as they should read affiliation, curiosity, and intracranial. No. We do not. While our children are on the path of "Learning to Read" to the level that we desire, when there is an article or book that we want them to read, we skim the material for words the child can't yet sound out fluently and write them on the whiteboard or a piece of paper. We syllabicate the word with the child, but then the child must sound out the word. It's our thought that if we tell the child how to sound it out, it doesn't grow their decoding ability.
19. ## Vocabulary resources for upper elementary

I don't know if it fits your needs as much, but we have a Scholastic Visual Dictionary and get a lot of use out of it.

We continue reading instruction until a child can fluently and accurately read 5 syllable words. You don't need to purchase a program for this though, you can continue reading instruction on this level with 2 steps. 1) You can find lists of multisyllable words online for the kids to practice reading. 2) Use an article from a book that you want the kids to read. Pre-teach all of the longer words in that passage on a sheet of paper then have them read the article until they're reading that passage fluently. (Decoding + Punctuation).
22. ## Writing for the struggling writer

My absolute favorite writing program is Reasoning and Writing. It's written for a public school, but can be adapted pretty easily to a 1-1 scenario. You can give him the placement test. Because of his age, you should give give him the placement test for Level F first. If he doesn't place in RaW-F, then give Placement Test for level E, then D, then C.