I am working with an 11 yr old, exclusively homeschooled, who reads above age/grade level and does well at group mathematical problem solving, but tested on a 2nd/3rd grade level equivalent on end of year state testing (her mother had her do it planning to have the girl apply to the Duke TIPS program for gifted kids, which requires a 95% grade level score. She was rather shocked to discover her extremely bright kid was testing so poorly).
I am strongly encouraging mom to get an evaluation done, because what I'm seeing seems pretty obvious that there's some sort of LD issue going on, and probably a 2e one given how smart the girl comes off in conversation and anything that doesn't involve putting pencil on paper.
Here's what I'm seeing, just in a couple of tutoring sessions:
Super slow at anything involving writing. Worksheets that should take a child that age only a few minutes can easily take her an hour, yet the same worksheet done orally with me scribing takes only a few minutes.
Still sometimes reverses letters/ numbers, especially J, 7, E, 3. Writing looks like a 6-7 yr old's and is very irregular in spacing and size. Draws letters very deliberately. She's an amazing artist, so I don't think the problem is motor control.
Spelling is quite poor for her age, and the same word can be spelled three different ways in the same paragraph. Writing content does not reflect her knowledge and understanding of the topics at all. Her written output, again, feels like that of a much younger child, while her oral output is above what would be expected of her age level.
Fluency on oral reading is really low-lots of starts and stops and miscues. Yet can silently read and do quite well on comprehension questions and discussion as long as it's not written down.
Seems to miss questions due to missed words that change the meaning on written comprehension tests.
Derives basic math facts each time she uses them.
The question is-what, if anything, can I do/suggest now? It may be awhile before the parent can get off a waiting list to get the child assessed, whether they go through the school district (which should be willing to assess based on her grade level test results) or privately.